History is Monumental

This program begins at Massie where participants view the only three-dimensional model of the historic district.


 Through the unique laser show, participants gain an overview of the people and monuments they will see along Savannah’s Monument Row. 

History is Monumental utilizes Savannah’s monuments as focal points for local, state, national, and world history.  Groups may choose from a Colonial, Revolutionary War, or Civil War emphasis or a combination of the three.  At each stop, participants will discuss the importance of the historical figure memorialized, their life, and their contributions. 

Georgia Standards of Excellence for Eighth Grade

SS8H1 Evaluate the impact of European exploration and settlement on American Indians in Georgia.  

  • Describe the characteristics of American Indians living in Georgia at the time of European contact; include culture, food, weapons/tools & shelter.
  • Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North America, with emphasis on the interests of the Spanish and British in the Southeastern area.
  • Evaluate the impact of Spanish contact on American Indians, including the explorations of Hernando DeSoto and the establishment of Spanish missions along the barrier islands.

SS8H2 Analyze the colonial period of Georgia’s history.

  • Explain the importance of the Charter of 1732, including the reasons for settlement (philanthropy, economics, and defense).
  • Analyze the relationship between Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove in establishing the city of Savannah at Yamacraw Bluff.
  • Evaluate the role of diverse groups (Jews, Salzburgers, Highland Scots, Malcontents) in settling Georgia during the Trustee Period.  
  • Explain the transition of Georgia into a royal colony with regard to land ownership, slavery, alcohol, and government.
  • Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced and traded in colonial Georgia.  

SS8H3 Analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolutionary Era.  

  • Causes of the American Revolution as they impacted Georgia; include the French and Indian War, Proclamation of 1763, and the Stamp Act.  
  • Interpret the three parts of the Declaration of Independence (preamble, grievances, and declaration) and identify the 3 Georgia signers.
  • Analyze the significance of the Loyalists and Patriots as a part of Georgia’s role in the Revolutionary War; include the Battle of Kettle Creek and Siege of Savannah.
  • Analyze the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and explain how those weaknesses led to the writing of a new federal Constitution.

SS8H5 Analyze the impact of the Civil War on Georgia.  

  • Explain the importance of key issues and events that led to the Civil War; include slavery, states’ rights, nullification, Compromise of 1850 and the Georgia Platform, the Dred Scott case, Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860, and the debate over secession in Georgia.
  • Explain Georgia’s role in the Civil War; include the Union blockade of Georgia’s coast, the Emancipation Proclamation, Chickamauga, Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea, and Andersonville.


American Indians Through Colonization

Mississippian Indians, Wattle and Daub, Mercantilism, Missions, Hernando De Soto, Royal Period (colony), Savannah, Trustees, Trustees’ Period and Ban, Charter of 1732, Incentives, Worthy Poor, 1. Philanthropy, 2. Defense, 3. Economics, Wine, Rice, Indigo, Rice Rivers, Mulberry Trees, Silk Industry, Royal Governors (James Wright), Yeoman Farmer, Ebenezer/New Ebenezer, Highland Scots, Mary Musgrove, Chief Tomochichi, James Oglethorpe, Buffer Colony, Malcontents

American Revolutionary War

Declaration of Independence, King George III, Button Gwinnett, Lachlan McIntosh, George Walton, Lyman Hall, Preamble, Battle of Kettle Creek, Broadside, Elijah Clark, Austin Dabney, Intolerable Acts, William Jasper, Liberty Boys, Loyalists, Patriots, Casmir Pulaski, Siege of Savannah, Sons of Liberty, Stamp Act, Tondee’s Tavern.

Civil War and Reconstruction

Central of Georgia Railroad, Eli Whitney, Cotton Gin, Dred Scot Case, Election of 1860, Free States, Slave States, Fugitive Slave Act (1850), Georgia Platform, Abraham Lincoln, Missouri Compromise (1820), Secession, State’s Rights, Alexander Stephens, Whig Party, Anaconda Plan, Andersonville, Atlanta Campaign, Battle of Dalton, Battle of Resaca, and Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Battle of Atlanta, Battle of Chickamauga, Union Blockade, Blockade Runners, Emancipation Proclamation, Ironclads, March to the Sea, “Scorched Earth,” William T. Sherman,  13th Amendment, 14th Amendment, 15th Amendment, Freedmen’s Bureau, Ku Klux Klan.