Civil Rights and Civil Wrongs

The civil rights movement is the focus of the program. Beginning at Massie, it provides an over-arching view of the struggle for education in Savannah before branching out into the national struggle. Individuals made all the difference, from the educators in clandestine schools, to church leaders, student leaders, civil rights activists such as WW Law and Martin Luther King Jr. Even though the 13th amendment officially abolished slavery in 1864, African Americans continued to suffer discrimination within that very legal system. The program also examines case studies including Plessey vs Ferguson and Brown vs. Board of Education in conjunction with the rise and fall of Jim Crow laws.  The program concludes in Green Square in front of the Second African Baptist Church.

Georgia Standards of Excellence 5th Grade

SS5H6 Describe the importance of key people, events, and developments between 1950- 1975.

  • Analyze the effects of Jim Crow laws and practices.
  • Explain the key events and people of the Civil Rights movement: Brown v. Board of Education (1954), Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, Civil Rights Act, Voting Rights Act, and civil rights activities of Thurgood Marshall, Lyndon B. Johnson, Cesar Chavez, Rosa Parks, and Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Describe the impact on American society of the assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Discuss the significance of the technologies of television and space exploration.

SS5G2 Explain the reasons for the spatial patterns of economic activities.

  • Locate primary agricultural and industrial locations between the end of the Civil War and 1900 and explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources have influenced these areas (e.g., Pittsburgh’s rapid growth in the late nineteenth century)

SS5CG3 Explain how amendments to the U. S. Constitution have maintained a representative democracy/republic.

  • Explain how voting rights are protected by the 15th, 19th, 23rd, 24th, and 26th amendments.

SS8H11 Evaluate the role of Georgia in the modern civil rights movement.

  • Explain Georgia’s response to Brown v. Board of Education including the 1956 flag and the Sibley Commission.
  • Describe the role of individuals (Martin Luther King, Jr. and John Lewis), groups (SNCC and SCLC) and events (Albany Movement and March on Washington) in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Explain the resistance to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, emphasizing the role of Lester Maddox.

SS8H7 Evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia during the New South Era.

  • Analyze how rights were denied to African Americans or Blacks through Jim Crow laws, Plessy v. Ferguson, disenfranchisement, and racial violence, including the 1906 Atlanta Riot.
  • Explain the roles of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, and Alonzo Herndon in advancement of the rights of African Americans or Blacks in the New South Era